History of Green technology

Xuly-Bët sweater dressEco-Fashion: Going Green
Fashion & Textile History GalleryVisit the Online Exhibition

Xuly-Bët, dress and jacket ensemble, multicolor sweaters, brown wool plaid, red nylon, Fall 1994, France, gift of Xuly-Bët.
Alabama Chanin, ensemble: coat and two-piece wrap dress, light blue organic cotton jersey and beads, spring 2010, USA, museum purchase.
Charmoné, Cezanne pumps, tan and red microfiber faux leather, 2010, USA, gift of Lauren Carroll and Jodi Koskella of Charmoné.

Eco-fashion is one of the most compelling topics in fashion today. Although the roots of eco-consciousness are often linked to the environmentalist movement and hippie styles of the 1960s, fashion’s environmental and ethical accountability prior to the mid-twentieth century is rarely considered. Eco-Fashion: Going Green explores fashion’s complex and multi-faceted relationship with the environment, discussing both bad and good ecological practices of the past 250 years.

Alabama ChaninPresented chronologically and featuring more than 100 garments, accessories, and textiles, the exhibition uses contemporary methods for “going green” as a framework to study the past. Each object on display touches upon one or more of six major themes, including: the re-purposing and recycling of materials, material origins, textile dyeing and production, quality of craftsmanship, labor practices, and the treatment of animals.

The re-purposing of textiles is often considered the most responsible mode of eco-fashion. In the nineteenth century, dresses were sometimes reworked to correspond to changing silhouettes—a testament to the lasting value of textiles. Today, numerous designers engage in methods of “upcycling, ” creating fashionable, new garments from worn materials.

Practices associated with growth of natural fibers or the manufacture of synthetics result in some of fashion’s most environmentally destructive consequences. For example, the cultivation of cotton can be especially damaging, often employing dangerous chemicals and pesticides that belie the fiber’s “natural” reputation. As these and other ecological concerns have increasingly come to light, the availability of organic cotton, grown without harmful chemicals, has expanded dramatically.

Waste materials from textile dyeing and production have historically resulted in some of the most conspicuous forms of air and water pollution. In the nineteenth century, some dyes contained highly toxic chemicals, such as arsenic. Today, there are a number of sustainable dyeing practices, ranging from technology-based digital and heat transfer printing to the rediscovered art of hand-dyeing.

Quality craftsmanship, convertibility, and uniqueness are sometimes viewed as key to the creation of clothing with lasting value and emotional connectivity—effectively reacting against the “fast fashion” cycle. While the couture craftsmanship of the past is usually prohibitively expensive today, the offering of luxurious, sustainable goods is the objective of several leading eco-fashion labels.

The health and treatment of industry workers plays a key role in the historical roots of eco-fashion. In the United States, garment workers’ unions were established to ensure fair labor practices and worker safety. More recently, production outsourcing has raised concern about the treatment of workers overseas. As an alternative, some eco-designers strongly advocate local production initiatives.

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